We are an independent, apolitical and self-governing association of Polish judges.
Our main mission is to defend freedom and civil rights, which are the democratic foundations of Poland - a member of the the European Union.
We have been operating for more than 25 years, also as part of different international organisations of judges. We associate over 3,500 judges, most of them in Poland.

CCJE OPINION NO. 18 (2015) “The position of the judiciary and its relation with the other powers of state in a modern democracy”

This Opinion examines the following questions:

  1. What relationship should there be between the judicial power of a state and the legislative and the executive powers?
  2. On what bases do judiciaries establish their right to act as such in a democratic society? How is the “legitimacy” of judicial power demonstrated?
  3. To what extent and in what ways should judiciaries be accountable to the societies they serve and to the other powers of the state?
  4. How can the three powers of the state exercise their respective authority in such a way as to achieve and maintain a proper balance between themselves and also act in the interest of the society they all serve?

Download full opinion here: CCJE_(2015) Opinion(18)2015_4_En